- Long Knives: Homosexuality in
Nazi Germany (in preparation).
- Gay Berlin: Birthplace of
Identity (forthcoming, Alfred A. Knopf 2014).
- German Civil Wars: Nation
Building and Historical Memory, 1756-1914, with James Retallack
& RESEARCH INTERESTS:
I was born
in Aibonito, Puerto
Rico, and was raised in Mennonite
communities in Puerto Rico and Indiana. I attended Earlham College in
Richmond, Indiana, where I received my B.A., and I earned my Ph.D.
in history at the University of Chicago.
My recent research focuses on the
origins and development of sexual identity in nineteenth- and
twentieth-century Germany. My
current project, Long Knives, focuses on homosexuality
under the Nazi regime. I analyze the complex
evolution of Nazi thought and policies toward homosexuality from open tolerance to
persecution. The history of homosexuality under the Nazis illuminates
the multi-faceted relationship of homosexuality to
right-wing movements in contemporary Western political and social thought. My book on homosexuality in Berlin (forthcoming Alfred A.
Knopf), situates the origins of modern male and female homosexual identity in Germany
between the 1860s and the Weimar Republic. It suggests that it was in
Berlin, rather than in other European and American cities, that
contemporary gay and lesbian identity first emerged and flourished.
My work has received
the John S. Guggenheim Memorial
Foundation, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the National Humanities Center, the Huntington Library, the
Max Planck Institute for History in Göttingen, and
the Herzog August Library in Wolfenbüttel, as well
as the German Academic Exchange Service and the American Philosophical
GRANTS & AWARDS:
American Historical Association, Higby Prize, best article in European History for 2010-11
German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Summer Re-Invitation Grant(2011)
Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Andrew W. Mellon Fellow (2010-11)
American Philosophical Society, Franklin Research Grant (2010)
Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellow (2009-10)
Faculty Summer Research Grant, Goucher College (2009)
Christopher Isherwood Foundation Fellow of the Huntington
German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), summer
Phil Zwickler Memorial Research Grant, Cornell University
Humanities Center, Jessie Ball DuPont Fellow (2006-07)
American Philosophical Society, Franklin Research Grant (2006)
Faculty Summer Research Grant, Goucher College (2005)
Max Kade Foundation, Grant for "German Moravians" Conference at
Forest Univ. (2002)
Atlanta Goethe Institute, Grant for "German Moravians" Conference
Wake Forst Univ. (2002)
William C. Archie Fund for Faculty Excellence, Wake Forest Univ.
Max-Planck-Institut für Geschichte, Göttingen, summer
German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), post-doctoral fellowship
Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel, six-month research
Finalist, Fritz Stern Dissertation Prize, German Historical
Washington, DC (1999)
Pursuits: German Moravians in the Atlantic World, ed. with
Michele Gillespie (Berghahn 2007)
- Who Ran
the Cities? Elite and Urban Power Structures, 1700-2000, ed. with Ralf
Roth (Ashgate 2007)
Women Business & Finance in
Nineteenth Century Europe: Rethinking Separate Spheres, ed. with
Beatrice Craig & Alastair Owens (Berg 2006)
The Soul of Commerce:
Property and Politics in Leipzig, 1750-1840 (Brill 2005)
- "The German Invention of Homosexuality,"
The Journal of Modern History, vol. 82/4 (Dec. 2010): 801-38.
- "Lodge Factionalism and Civic Notability in the Napoleonic Era,"
für Internationale Freimaurer-Forschung, no. 1 (2002): 41-55
(actual publication date 2004)
- "Business was a Family Affair: Women of Commerce in Central
Europe, 1650-1880," in Histoire
Sociale-Social History, vol. XXXIV, 68 (2001): 307-330 (actual
publication date 2003).
- "Bankruptcy and Social Death: The Influence of Credit-Based
Commerce on Cultural and Political Values," in Zeitsprünge:
Forschungen zur Frühen Neuzeit 4/4 (2000), 329-343; Reviewed
by Christoph Albrecht: "Vom Credo zum Kredit - Sozialer Tod: Der
Bankrott im achtzehnten Jahrhundert" Frankfurter Allgemeine
Zeitung, 29 August (2001), Section N: 5.
- "Recasting Cosmopolitanism: German Freemasonry and Regional
Identity in the Early Nineteenth Century," in Eighteenth
Century Studies, 33:2 (Winter 1999-2000), 268-76.
- "Local Protest and Territorial Reform: Public Debt and
Constitutionalism in Early Nineteenth-Century Saxony," in German
History 17/4 (1999), 470-87.
- "Reforming Interregional Commerce: Leipzig Trade Fairs and
Saxon Economic Recovery from the Thirty Years' War," in Central
European History 32/4 (1999), 431-52.
- "The Surveillance of Identity: Policing Homosexuals in
Wilhelmine Berlin," forthcoming in After the History of Sexuality:
German Genealogies of Lust and Longing, ed. Scott Spector, Dagmar
Herzog, Helmut Puff (Berghahn Books, 2012)
- "Dresden and Leipzig at War," forthcoming in War in an Age
of Revolution: The Wars of American Independence and the French
Revolution, 1776-1815, ed. Stig Foerster and Roger Chickering
(Cambridge University Press)
- "Manuscript Missions in an Age of Print: The Moravian
'Gemein Nachrichten' in the Atlantic World," in Pious Pursuits: German
Moravians in the Atlantic World, ed. Gillespie and Beachy (Berghahn,
- "Profit and Propriety: Sophie Henschel and Gender Management
in the German Locomotive Industry," in Women in Business and Finance in
Nineteenth Century Europe: Rethinking Separate Spheres, ed. Beachy,
Owens, Craig (Berg Press, 2005).
- "Masonic Fraternalism and the Construction of Gender in
Enlightenment Europe," forthcoming in Fraternal Organisations and the
Structuring of Gender Roles in Europe, 1300-2000, ed. Maire Cross,
Andrew Prescott (Ashgate, 2005)
- "The Eclipse of Usury: Bankruptcy and Business
Morality in Eighteenth-Century Germany," in Ways of Knowing: Early
Modern German Studies, ed. Mary Lindemann (Boston: Brill Academic
Publishers, 2004), 171-190
- "Women Without Gender: Commerce, Exchange Codes, and the
Erosion of Female Guardianship in Germany, 1680-1830," in Family
Welfare: Gender, Property and Inheritance since the Seventeenth
Century, ed. David R. Green, Alastair Owens (Greenwood Press,
- "Club Culture and Social Authority: Freemasonry in Leipzig,
1741-1830," in The Paradoxes of Civil Society, ed. Frank Trentmann (New
York, Berghahn Books, 2000; reprint 2003), 157-75.
- "Fernhandel und Krämergeist: Die Leipziger
Handelsdeputierten und die Einführung der sächsischen
Wechselordnung, 1681," in Leipzigs Messen 1497 bis 1997, ed. Hartmut
Zwahr, 2 vols. (Weimar/Cologne/Vienna, Böhlau Verlag, 1999), 1:
Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, CA
German Historical Institute,
German Studies Association
Schwules Museum, Berlin
United States Holocaust
Herzog August Bibliothek
Max Planck Society
University, Magnus Hirschfeld Archive
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender
Community Center of Baltimore and Central Maryland
Aibonito, Puerto Rico